THE FORMER BRITISH INDIAN EMPIRE’S COLONIES WANT FREEDOM AND AUTONOMY PART 1-INDIA
Updated: Nov 21
THE REGIONS OF THE FORMER BRITISH INDIAN EMPIRE ARE STILL COLONIES AND WANT FREEDOM AND AUTONOMY
Toronto, Canada Jeffrey S. Ram, Editor November 15, 2023
Map of India: States and Union Territories (Courtesy: Wikimedia)
Since ancient times, India has been a subcontinent of many national kingdoms with their own languages, cultures, customs, and even gods and goddesses. The strong kings used to conquer weak kingdoms and establish their regional or national empires. But when such emperors became weak, the kingdoms used to assert their independence. However, when the British left India, the British Empire’s Indian kingdoms, states, and regions did not gain freedom. They just changed their masters from British to predominantly Hindi-speaking Hindus in India and Punjabi-speaking Sunni Muslims in Pakistan.
The British Empire was built by the British army comprising Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, and Christian soldiers. Still, the British government divided their empire on religious lines between only Hindus (India) and Muslims (Pakistan). In India, Muslim, Sikh, Buddhist, Christian, and non-Hindi-speaking majority regions were left at the mercy of Hindi-speaking Hindu rulers.
The successive Indian federal governments have compromised with some freedom fighter groups and recognized them as separate states or regions within India. But many others have been suppressed brutally by the Indian military might. Nevertheless, the aspirations for freedom are still alive in the hearts of these freedom fighters.
The different regions of the Indian subcontinent are like the different nations of the European continent. As the Indian army’s ruthless warfare has failed to tame many of these regional freedom warriors, a mutually acceptable solution for peaceful co-existence will be a new contract between the regions and the federal government. The Indian states can form an Indian Union on the model of the European Union or a United States of India with greater authority and autonomy for states and regions.
INDIA - REGIONAL INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENTS AND THEIR SUPPRESSION SINCE 1947
After the 1947 independence and division, some groups revolted to gain independence and the right to make their own decisions; some rebellions are still in progress. Out of a population of 1.4 billion people, 800 million depend on free rations for survival. Many who eat once a day or once in two or more days are disgruntled. They join any group that offers them liberation from starvation and semi-starvation.
Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons
THE NAXAL-MAOIST FREEDOM MOVEMENTS:
It all started in Naxalbari, West Bengal, in 1967. Later, the Communist Party of India (Maoists) expanded it to parts of Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states where they are still active.
Courtesy: Simple Wikipedia
THE KHALISTAN FREEDOM MOVEMENT IN PUNJAB:
The movement based on making a sovereign Sikh state enjoyed some public support in the 1980s and early 1990s, but it was crushed. Some weak freedom groups still exist and might gain strength if Modi’s Hindutva agenda of making India a Hindu Rashtra (Nation) succeeds.
A protest rally in New Delhi on June 24, 2023, to demand peace in Manipur Photo: Courtesy Bijay Kumar Minj
FREEDOM MOVEMENTS IN NORTHEASTERN STATES:
Many groups in the Northeast struggled for freedom in the past, and some freedom fighters are still active in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, and Nagaland. A civil war in Mizoram that started on May 3, 2023 still continues.
Courtesy: Free Press Kashmir
JAMMU AND KASHMIR FREEDOM MOVEMENTS:
Both India and Pakistan want to grab Kashmir. They have already fought two wars. Jammu and Kashmir state in the India-occupied area was ruled under a special status (Article 310) which was revoked in 2019 by the Hindutva agenda-driven Modi’s Bhartiya Janata Party government. India's only Muslim-majority state was divided into three Union territories Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh. Kashmir was put under security lockdown and communications blackout. Thousands of Kashmiris, mostly youth, were placed in preventive detention. The Kashmir issue will only be resolved if both Pakistan and India vacate the parts of Kashmir occupied by them and allow Kashmir to become an independent neutral nation like Switzerland.
MANY LANGUAGES, MANY CULTURES, MANY GODS AND GODDESSES; MANY MUTINIES ARE GOING ON, AND MANY ARE WAITING TO HAPPEN
India has 22 separate official languages, 28 states, 8 Union territories, and 20% population of non-Hindus. Hindus of different regions worship Hindu gods and goddesses in different shapes and names. Furthermore, Hindus have 3,000 castes and 25,000 subcastes, each based on a specific occupation. Caste-based differences and discrimination exist in all regions. Consequently, India has many Mini-India.
PRIME MINISTER MODI’S HINDUTVA FASCIST TOOLBOX
Special laws and agencies under Prime Minister Modi’s Hindutva fascist rule viciously suppress regional dissent, democratic opposition, civil rights activists, independent media, NGOs, Muslims, Christians, farmer agitators, and other anti-BJP groups and individuals.
SOME OPPRESSIVE AND WEAPONIZED LAWS AND AGENCIES:
ANTI-CONVERSION LAWS: Even though there is no proof of even a single conversion, hundreds of Pastors, Catholic priests, nuns, and worshippers, including women, attending the church have been assaulted, arrested, and charged. Hundreds of churches have closed down for fear of state-sponsored vandalism, violence, and arrests.
THE CITIZENSHIP (AMENDMENT) ACT (CAA) AND THE NATIONAL REGISTER OF CITIZENS (NRC): Led to India-wide protests and arrests.
U.P. LOVE JIHAD LAWS -- THE UNLAWFUL CONVERSION OF RELIGION ORDINANCE, 2020 -- THE U.P. UNLAWFUL CONVERSION OF RELIGION ACT, 2021: Hundreds of Muslim males have been jailed for marrying Hindu females.
THE NATIONAL SECURITY ACT
THE COW SLAUGHTER PREVENTION ACTS AND ORDINANCES: These laws enforced in 11 Indian states have been used as excuses for mob lynchings, murders, and arrests of hundreds of innocent Muslims and Dalit Hindus.
ARMED FORCES SPECIAL POWERS ACTS (AFSPA)
THE UNLAWFUL ACTIVITIES (PREVENTION) ACT (UAPA)
THE NATIONAL INVESTIGATION AGENCY (NIA)
THE RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS WING (RAW)
THE ENFORCEMENT DIRECTORATE (ED): Victims call it Excessive Directorate.
THE CENTRAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (CBI)
THE INCOME TAX DEPARTMENT
THE PREVENTION OF MONEY LAUNDERING ACT
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MANAGEMENT ACT
THE FOREIGN CONTRIBUTION REGULATIONS ACT (FCRA)
THE I.N.D.I.A. GROUP OF REGIONAL AND CENTRAL PARTIES OPPOSES MODI’S FASCIST RULE
The India National Developmental Inclusive Alliance (INDIA), an alliance of 28 political parties, represents the combined opposition coalition. The members are ruling alliance in 11 states and represent nearly half of all Indian voters. If some of these politicians realize that there is no other way to free their region from Modi’s Hindutva totalitarianism, then they might also join forces with the freedom fighters.
INDIAN UNION, BASED ON THE EUROPEAN UNION MODEL, OR THE UNITED STATES OF INDIA WILL SATISFY THE REGIONAL FREEDOM ASPIRATIONS AND KEEP INDIA INTEGRATED
The leaders and supporters of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and Modi-led Bhartiya Janata Party believe that non-Hindus are not Indian nationalists. Kashmir is a Muslim-majority state; Sikkim, Bhutan, and Ladakh are Buddhist-majority states. Manipur, Meghalaya, and Nagaland are Christian-majority states. Why would these states become a part of the Hindu Rashtra (Nation) proposed by RSS and Modi? Many Hindus are also determined not to be colonized by the Hindutva fascists; some other Hindus want liberation from socio-economic exploitation and feudal caste oppression.
Therefore, if the Indian federal government wants peaceful coexistence, it must give freedom to various states and regions. Indian Union, like the European Union or the United States of India, with more freedom and autonomy for the states, are viable options.
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